People specializing within the field of urology are called urologists, healthcare professionals who are trained to diagnose, detect and treat this group of disorders and diseases.

The disorders which will be treated by urologists include those involving the kidneys, the ureters (tubes connecting the kidneys to the bladder), the adrenal glands, the bladder and therefore the urethra (the tube that passes urine out of the body from the bladder). In males, a urologist can also treat conditions of the testes, epididymis, ductus deferens , seminal vesicles, prostate and penis. the sector of urology involves the medical management of conditions like tract infection and prostate enlargement through to the surgical management of conditions like bladder cancer, prostatic adenocarcinoma , kidney stones and enuresis .

In the case of certain conditions like cancer of the tract , urologists may have to figure in conjunction with oncologists or radiotherapists. they’ll also got to collaborate with nephrologists who affect kidney conditions, gynaecologists who affect the feminine genital system and endocrinologists who are concerned with conditions of the system and hormone disorders. Urologists can also collaborate with practitioners of pediatric surgery and colorectal surgery.


Endourology deals with the closed manipulation of the tract . the sector has grown to now include minimally invasive surgical procedures. Procedures are administered using endoscopes inserted into the tract and examples include prostate surgery, stone removal surgery and straightforward urethral or ureteral surgeries.
Urologic oncology

This deals with genitourinary malignancies like cancers of the kidney, adrenal glands, prostate, bladder, ureters, testicles or penis.

Neururology concerns the management of conditions that involve the nervous control of the urogenital system or abnormal urination. samples of neurological conditions which will cause these conditions include Parkinson’s disease, MS , stroke and medulla spinalis injuries.
Pediatric urology

This involves the correction of genitourinary problems arising in children like undescended testes or cryptorchidism, underdeveloped genitalia and reflux .

Andrology focuses on disorders of the male genital system like male erecticle dysfunction , ejaculatory disorders, infertility and vasectomy reversal.